Infezioni virali emergenti e riemergenti tra passato, presente e futuro: conoscere per intervenire

Massimiliano Galdiero, Marilena Galdiero - Università della Campania “L. Vanvitelli” – Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale – Sezione di Microbiologia e Microbiologia clinica

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

COVID-19 è una malattia emergente da betacoronavirus che è venuta alla luce per la prima volta a Wuhan, nella provincia di Hubei in Cina, all'inizio del dicembre 2019, ma in un lampo ha raggiunto un'entità pandemica. Al 25 ottobre 2020 si registra un impressionante numero globale di 42.512.186 casi di COVID-19, inclusi 1.147.301 decessi. La pandemia, causata dal virus della sindrome respiratoria acuta severa (SARS-CoV-2), rappresenta una grave minaccia per la sanità pubblica poiché l'infezione comporta un ampio spettro di manifestazioni cliniche che possono variare da uno stato iniziale asintomatico che può progredire in polmonite fino alla sindrome da distress respiratorio acuto (ARDS, dall'inglese Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) seguita da sindrome da disfunzione multiorgano (MODS, dall'inglese Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome) e finanche morte.

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Microbiota polmonare e patologia respiratoria acuta: COVID-19, metabolomica e microbiomica

Vassilios Fanos - Terapia Intensiva Neonatale AOU Cagliari; Università degli Studi di Cagliari
Maria Cristina Pintus - Terapia Intensiva Neonatale AOU Cagliari
Roberta Pintus - Università degli Studi di Cagliari; Corresponding Author
Maria Antonietta Marcialis - Terapia Intensiva Neonatale AOU Cagliari

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

I polmoni sani non sono sterili (Barcik2020). Fino al 2010 si pensava che fosse un organo sterile (come ad esempio la placenta) e che fosse abitato da microrganismi (batteri, virus, funghi) al suo interno, solo in condizioni patologiche quali fibrosi cistica, enfisema, bronchiectasie, o polmonite.
Nell’ultimo decennio è stato dimostrato che il polmone normale ha un suo specifico microbiota. È molto più piccolo in termini numerici, rispetto al microbiota intestinale, ma è un microbiota unico che può influenzare la salute e le malattie. Con un numero stimato di 10–100 batteri per 1.000 cellule umane, il tratto respiratorio inferiore è una delle superfici meno popolate da batteri dell’intero corpo umano (EnaudR2020).

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Lebanon, 1920-2020 one hundred years since great Lebanon

Robert Sacy - Professor of Pediatrics Beirut University, Head of pediatric Programm at Quarantina governemental Hospital; President of an NGO ASSAMEH BIRTH AND BEYOND, Thesaurer UMEMPS, President IAPS

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

Lebanon was called in the bible land of milk and honey, Switzerland of the Middle-East, Pearl of the Middle-East, and Land of Gods.
Pope Jean-Paul 2 said about Lebanon, It is more than a country, it is a message.
Everyone enjoy living there because of the country natural beauty active financial market. good climate, rich culture, active financial market.

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Clinical and epidemiological characteristics in children confirmed with SARS CoV-2 infection...

Spatariu Luminița, Eugenia Buzoianu, Sorina Chindriș, Doina Anca Pleșca - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, “Dr. Victor Gomoiu” Children’s Clinical Hospital, Bucarest, Romania

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

Clinical and epidemiological characteristics in children confirmed with SARS CoV-2 infection in a non-COVID-19 pediatric clinical hospital from Romania in the first 6 months of the pandemy

The entire world has been facing the challenge of the new Pandemic with its epicenter in Wuhan, China, since December 2019. Current knowledge about SARS CoV-2 infection is still in its infancy and many questions have been awaiting an answer but what is apparently obvious, at least so far, is the low incidence of the disease among the pediatric population.

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Jordan: health system and COVID19

Basim Alzoubi - Head of Pediatric Directorate in MOH; President of Jordan Pediatric Society; Consultant, pediatric endocrinologist; Vice-President IAPS; Amman, Jordan

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

Jordan is an Arabic country strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe in the middle east. It was part through its history of many civilizations and empires like the Nabataean, the Greek, the Roman, and the Islamic who built many famous cities in Jordan like Petra, Jerash, Philadelphia (Amman) and many castles and palaces.
Jordan economy is relatively small and depends mainly on agriculture, phosphates, potash; tourism; and foreign aids. The country is a major tourist destination because it has many tourism attractions like Petra which is one of the 7 wonders in the world, the Greek-Roman ancient cities, the Dead Sea which is the lowest point on the earth, Jordan river where Jesus was baptized and many others.

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Threats to children's health - past... now... future

Enver Hasanoğlu – MD.; FAAP; General Secretary of TNPS, UMEMPS; President of UNIPSTR; President - Elect of IPA

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

First of all, I would like to thank my dear friend Prof. Salvatore Vendemmia for giving me the chance to write in this book. I graduated from Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty in 1969. In 1973, I graduated from Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine as a specialist in Pediatrics. In addition to being a pediatrician and conducting academic activities, I worked in positions of the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and the Rector of the Gazi University. I have participated in national and international scientific organizations (Fig. 1). I had been on the board of the IPA (International Pediatric Association). In March 2019, I was elected as the next IPA president in Panama (Fig. 2, 3). I was the president of the Turkish National Pediatric Society (TNPS); I am still working as a secretary-general.

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Initiatives and news of Iraqi pediatrics

Khalaf Hussein Hasan – Graduate of college of medicine at University of Mosul 1990, Finished MBChB 1990, DCH 2000, Arab Board of Pediatrics 2000, President Joint Iraqi – Italian Pediatric Association (JIIPA)

From book "Lo Zibaldone del terzo millennio" (Salvatore Vendemmia, Maria Vendemmia), Cuzzolin Ed., 2020

I moved to Duhok at Iraqi Kurdistan Region after finishing my Post graduate education.
We started the Department of Pediatrics at University of Duhok and at same time we start to open Hivi Pediatric Teaching Hospital as small hospital with limited facilities.
Now the hospital if fully equipped with both PICU and NICU, Pediatric Surgical ward and emergency room.
The hospital is receiving patients from Duhok as well as internally displaced people from all over Iraqi and Syrian refugees.
Regarding the university we started the Child Mental health Department in collaboration with Upsala University / Sweden.

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The choice of amniotic fluid in metabolomics for the monitoring of fetus health

Dr.ssa Flaminia Bardanzellu,
Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria
Terapia Intensiva Neonatale
AOU Cagliari
(Direttore: Prof. Vassilios Fanos)

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Focus on neonatal and infantile onset of nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD)

Dr.ssa Flaminia Bardanzellu,
Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria
Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Patologia Neonatale e Nido
AOU Cagliari
(Direttore: Prof. Vassilios Fanos)

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Investigating Endometrial Stem Cells’ fate: Angels or Devils?

Dr.ssa Flaminia Bardanzellu,
Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria
Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Patologia Neonatale e Nido
AOU Cagliari
(Direttore: Prof. Vassilios Fanos)

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The role of "OMICS" technologies to explore human breast milk properties

Dr.ssa Flaminia Bardanzellu,
Scuola di Specializzazione in Pediatria
Terapia Intensiva Neonatale, Patologia Neonatale e Nido
AOU Cagliari
(Direttore: Prof. Vassilios Fanos)

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Autism Spectrum Disorder according to an integrated multidisciplinary framework

Cristina Panisi – Istituto Sacra Famiglia, Varese
Ernesto Burgio - ECERI (European Cancer and Environment Research Institute – Bruxelles)

In recent decades the Western world has been the scene of a profound epidemiological transformation, characterized on the one hand by an evident decline in the incidence of acute diseases caused by exogenous causes (infectious and parasitic diseases), on the other by an equally rapid increase in chronic conditions, degenerative, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, with a worrying anticipation of the age of onset (Landrigan et al 2005, Burgio 2011). The phenomenon concerns, in particular, endocrine-metabolic diseases (obesity "pandemic", Burgio et al. 2015a); neurodevelopmental disorders (Fombonne 2009) and neurodegenerative diseases (Brookmeyer et al 2007); immunomediated diseases (allergies, autoimmune diseases, celiac disease, Bach 2002); diseaes of the genital and reproductive sphere (Virtanen et al 2005); cancer - in particular children (Burgio 2013a). All these conditions show a parallel growth trend, a real "epidemiological transition", a transformation that is difficult to explain on the basis of traditional epidemiological and etiopathogenetic models. The epigenetic mechanisms provide a more plausible explanation of the phenomenon, compared to genetic models in the strict sense (Gluckman and Hanson 2004). These mechanisms are important topics addressed within pediatric scientific societies in recent years, (First Thousand Days of Life).

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8th Europaediatrics in Bucharest
Romania, 7-11 June 2017
8th Europaediatrics in Bucharest
XI Congres National de Pediatrie
Romania, September 25-28, 2013
XI Congres National de Pediatrie